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"Islam and the post-Cold War West: Necessity of an international solidarity in the remaking of a new world order" by Anar Naghiyev

By Editor CI

views: 495

Jan 13, 2018 - 3:42 PM

One of the objectives of Islamic studies is to research the influence and role of Islam in global politics. Measuring the extent of Islamic influence in foreign policy implementation is as important as identifying religious identities and how those identities are manifested; for instance in acts of terrorism. Islam has been a culture for millions of people for centuries, and Koran does not promote violence or aggressiveness. Similar to other religions, it is unique in essence and inclusive in character. Thus Islam should not be associated with terror, anger, or hatred. Nor should Islamophobia be allowed to become mainstream, a frequent, at times common, phenomenon in the West. The global fight against terrorism should uphold the safety of ordinary Muslims; accordingly, Islamophobia should be prioritized as a global threat. In light of these concerns, this article critically examines the way Islam is dealt with in international politics in the post-Cold War era. Read more...

Assessing the Role of Mobility and Border Security in EU-Azerbaijan Relations: How Far Can They Go? Michela Ceccorulli

By ilgar Gurbanov

views: 491

Sep 30, 2015 - 2:27 PM

In recent years, challenges such as international terrorism, transnational organized crime and illegal immigration have rendered mobility and border security top priorities and issues for cooperation among international actors. This article looks specifically at mobility and related border concerns as key topics in relations between the European Union and Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan has become a crucial ally for the European Union for multiple reasons. First, it is located in a strategic position, at the crossroads between East and West; second, it has recently become a key actor in the energy game, proposing itself as an alternative and reliable source of energy; third, it is member of the Eastern Neighborhood, where regional stability has direct bearing upon the EU’s security. By outlining the ways in which these challenges may also be potentially disruptive for Azerbaijan’s national interests and overall security, the article considers the extent of existing cooperation on mobility and border security, up until the recent signature of the Mobility Partnership (2013). While relations have rapidly expanded over recent years, the article concludes that without a clear regional vision of the EU or proper coordination on these transborder issues, further development will be impeded. Read more...

Georgia’s European Quest: The Challenge of the Meskhetian Turks; Galina Yemelyanova

By ilgar Gurbanov

views: 490

Jan 18, 2016 - 12:19 PM

The article deals with the Meskhetian Turks (Ahiska Turks), who in 1944 were deported by Stalin from the Meskheti region of Georgia to Central Asia. They have never been able to return to their ancestral land, the Meskheti area of the present-day Samtskhe-Javakheti region in Georgia. The paper analyzes Tbilisi’s ambivalent policy towards Meskhetian Turks and how that relates to Georgia’s European aspirations. The author argues that Tbilisi’s commitment to the repatriation of the Meskhetian Turks is disingenuous, and that the government has used this issue to further its European quest. Georgia’s resistance to the Meskhetian Turks’ resettlement stems from a number of factors, including: its Georgian-focused nation-building project, which is not welcoming towards ethnic minorities; concerns about the reaction of the majority-Armenian population in Samtskhe-Javakheti; its energy security considerations related to Javakheti’s location on the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan oil pipeline route; and its territorial integrity fears, especially in the light of its de facto loss of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. The paper also examines the factors behind the survival of Meskhetian Turks as a distinct ethnic group despite their geographic dispersal across Eurasia and the wider world. Read more...

Trans-Eurasian Transportation Networks and the Opportunities and Challenges of Economic Integration within Wider Eurasia: Role of Kazakhstan; Richard Weitz

By Editor CI

views: 464

Jul 25, 2016 - 3:37 PM

One of Kazakhstan’s primary goals has been to promote deeper economic, diplomatic, and social ties in Central Asia. Kazakh officials and analysts believe that regional economic integration will help Kazakhstan and its neighbors diversify their economies, enhance their competitiveness, and achieve deeper integration into the world economy. With its strong economic development and commitment to regional economic integration, Kazakh leaders seek to drive integration of regional transportation networks among Eurasian states. In turn, they anticipate that greater transport integration will enhance regional trade, investment, and prosperity. Access to multiple viable transportation routes would provide strategic benefits not only for Kazakhstan, enhancing its national autonomy, but also for other countries, by promoting geopolitical pluralism in the former Soviet space. However, transportation development in Eurasia has been impeded by unresolved disputes over borders, trade, visas, illegal migration, and natural resources such as water and gas, exacerbated by the current economic slowdown and proliferation of sanctions. In order for Kazakhstan to realize its goal, it must work with regional and global partners – especially those in Central Asia and the South Caucasus – to accelerate progress on critical transportation projects. Read more...

Stranded and Trapped: The Growing Syrian Refugee Crisis in Turkey and the Disaster of International Inaction; Constanze Letsch

By ilgar Gurbanov

views: 462

Sep 30, 2015 - 2:35 PM

This article discusses the Syrian refugee crisis triggered by the outbreak of conflict in Syria in March 2011, and its impact on neighbouring Turkey. Over 1.6 million Syrians are currently residing within Turkish borders, and Turkey, like other countries in the region, is beginning to reach the limits of its capacity. The article argues that Turkey’s asylum policies as well as the dismal international response to the crisis are pushing increasing numbers of Syrians to risk their lives, fleeing the country via dangerous and ever diversifying human trafficking routes. Evidence has shown that the European response of tightening border controls and trying to deter migrants from reaching its shores by cancelling of maritime rescue operations is failing. This approach only pushes traffickers to use riskier methods, likely to result in more deaths of those trying to reach the safety of a third country. The international community urgently needs to rise to its responsibilities towards the Syrians fleeing violence in their country, both in order to prevent the humanitarian crisis from further spiraling out of control, and to alleviate the pressure on Turkey and other countries in the region. Read more...

The Armenia-Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict as the Key Threat to Peace and Cooperation in the South Caucasus; Farhad Mammadov

By Editor CI

views: 458

Jul 25, 2016 - 2:18 PM

Among the conflicts in the South Caucasus, the Armenia-Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is undoubtedly the most complex, as well as the most dangerous conflict. It holds the most serious security and humanitarian implications not only for the South Caucasus, but also for the whole Eurasian region. The 23-year-old peace process, led by the OSCE Minsk Group, has so far failed to deliver peace and stability to the region. Impeded by problems such as lack of commitment, focus on conflict management instead of conflict resolutions, intergovernmental nature and rotating chairmanship of the organization, the OSCE is failing to address the resurgence of violence in this simmering conflict. Taking advantage of the shortcoming of OSCE Minsk Group’s peace efforts, Armenia has refused to make any compromises for the sake of peace. During the recent negotiations in Vienna and St. Petersburg, the presidents of Azerbaijan and Armenia agreed on the phased resolution of the conflict, creating hope that the deadlock would be broken and the peace process would be reactivated. However, the danger remains that if the peace process fails again, the resumption of violence will become inevitable and renewed war will have serious regional and global repercussions. Read more...

Internal Displacement in Azerbaijan: Its Causes and Consequences. What the International Community Can and Must Do? Tofig Musayev

By ilgar Gurbanov

views: 448

Sep 30, 2015 - 2:30 PM

At the end of 1987, the Soviet Socialist Republic of Armenia (Armenian SSR) began to lay claim to the territory of the Nagorno-Karabakh autonomous oblast (NKAO) of the Soviet Socialist Republic of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijan SSR). Nationalistic demands marked the beginning of the assaults on the Azerbaijanis in both the NKAO and Armenia itself, soon leading to their expulsion. Shortly after the dissolution of the Soviet Union at the end of 1991 and the international recognition of both Armenia and Azerbaijan, armed hostilities and Armenian attacks against areas within Azerbaijan intensified. As a result, a significant part of Azerbaijan’s territory, including Nagorno-Karabakh and seven adjacent districts, were occupied by Armenia; thousands of people were killed or injured; hundreds of thousands of Azerbaijani citizens were forced to leave their homes. The UN Security Council and other international organizations have addressed the problem on a number of occasions. Since 1992 the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe has engaged in efforts to achieve a negotiated settlement of the conflict under the aegis of its 11-country Minsk Group, currently under the co-chairmanship of France, the Russian Federation and the United States. The Co-Chairs of the OSCE Minsk Group have proposed a set of core principles and elements, which, in their opinion, should form the basis for a comprehensive settlement of the conflict. The elements underlying the proposal of the mediators include, inter alia, the liberation of the occupied territories and the right of return for all internally displaced persons (IDPs) and refugees. The article examines the international documents that refer to the problem of internal displacement in Azerbaijan, its causes and consequences, and the rights of the uprooted population. It also raises the question of whether the right to return is a human right or a privilege of belligerents. The article concludes that the lack of agreement on political issues cannot be used as a pretext to prevent the return of IDPs to their homes and properties and that the de-occupation of Azerbaijani territories can in no way be considered or introduced as a compromise, and used as a bargaining chip in the conflict settlement process. Read more...

TRACECA and Its Implications for Sub-regional Development: The Case of the Black Sea Region of Turkey of the Black Sea Region of Turkey; Osman Karamustafa and Ali Ihsan Kahraman

By Editor CI

views: 433

Jul 25, 2016 - 3:33 PM

As a promising route for the promotion of economic development for countries located along the corridor, the East-West corridor has been analyzed overwhelmingly from geopolitical perspectives. This approach, however, fails to consider for the full range of benefits the corridor would provide. The sub-regional benefits, even at the individual country level, are often overlooked. In order to present a subregional/micro level analysis of the implications of the East-West corridor in general, and TRACECA in particular, this paper focuses on the place and position of Turkey’s Black Sea region within TRACECA. It evaluates the influence of this cross-continental mega project on a sub-region of Turkey. The paper suggests that TRACECA has significance not only in terms of regional geopolitics but also in regard to sub-regional development. The paper assesses official statements by the Turkish government and the Permanent Secretariat of TRACECA. The authors discuss the opportunities and challenges posed by TRACECA’s development targets as well as those of the Turkish government at the local level. Read more...

Global Energy Governance Needs to be Multi-level and Regionalized; Robert M. Cutler

By ilgar Gurbanov

views: 429

Sep 30, 2015 - 3:39 PM

The exclusive focus on universal-level global energy governance is problematic. Even in the European Union, emphasis is placed on multi-level governance in the energy policy issue-area. Yet although the EU has been near the forefront of advocacy for global energy governance, it has failed to consider systematically, or at all, the advantages of multi-level governance from the global through the regional to the national levels, as well as the cross-cutting transnational and transgovernmental levels. The contrast between the failure of regional European-Ukrainian-Russian energy cooperation on the one hand and, on the other, the success of regional Azerbaijani-Georgian-Turkish energy cooperation drives the point home. Incentive structures of practitioners and academics, conditioned by the sociology of knowledge, inhibit common dialogue over energy governance. Academic-policy boundary organizations represent only a special case of knowledge transfer processes. If overarching global policy goals are to be achieved, then idiosyncratic regional contexts cannot be ignored in global energy governance. They must be respected and allowed their relative autonomy. Read more...
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