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"Central Asia and Azerbaijan Does Islamic solidarity matter?" by Narmina Mamishova

By Editor CI

views: 389

Jan 13, 2018 - 3:29 PM

This article looks at whether the foreign policies of post-Soviet Central Asian republics encompass the idea of Islamic solidarity. Specifically, it analyzes their relations with Muslim-majority Azerbaijan, which is concerned with gaining political and diplomatic support in the international arena in order to secure the resolution of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, and accordingly, the restoration of its territorial integrity. The findings of the article evidence that the official agendas of the countries concerned towards Muslim nations and Azerbaijan particularly are rather opportunistic and do not follow any definite path. Instead, the article explains the actual origins of interstate solidarity which is scarcely determined by a religious factor. Read more...

'Energy Consumption and GHG Emissions in the South Caucasus' by Varadurga Bhat and Ashwath Naik

By Editor CI

views: 386

Jan 10, 2017 - 12:11 AM

In recent years, the World has been experiencing the consequences of climate change, and the South Caucasus has been affected by this phenomenon too. Energy security and environmental security have been affected by the dependence on fossil fuels and damages associated with energy exploitation, such as the rise in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The development of renewable energy (RE) helps to meet growing energy demand and to mitigate climate change. Dependence on energy imports can be reduced, local resources can be utilized, and energy supplies can be diversified by deploying RE technologies in the region. Thus, it is one of the most attractive and reliable options for achieving sustained low-carbon growth. Against this background, this paper analyzes the trends in energy consumption and GHG emissions during 1995-2012 in the South Caucasus countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia. Special focus is accorded to the prospects of RE in these countries based on their potential and policy framework. The paper concludes that the South Caucasus has substantial RE potential. However, with the exception of hydropower, other sources of RE are minimally utilized. Proper policy framework with clearly defined goals for RE generation and effective implementation are needed in this regard to ensure affordable and sustainable energy in these countries. Read more...

'The Threat to Energy Infrastructure in the Central Eurasia from Terrorist Groups Affiliated to ISIL' by Michael Fredholm

By Editor CI

views: 376

Jan 10, 2017 - 12:20 AM

In 2015, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) announced the establishment of its Khorasan Province, said to encompass “Afghanistan, Pakistan, and other nearby lands.” Soon after, ISIL proclaimed its Caucasus Province. However, the war in Syria and Iraq is going badly for ISIL. Losing ground in its heartland, ISIL fighters will have to turn elsewhere, which for many would mean returning to the Caucasus or Central Eurasia. They will aim to continue the fight there, using the tactics they learnt in Syria and Iraq. While the Caucasus and Central Eurasia have faced jihadist terrorism, these regions have largely been spared one of the tactics successfully employed by ISIL and its predecessor, Al-Qaida in Iraq: attacks on the energy infrastructure. Potential targets include production, processing, transmission, storage, and distribution facilities. The energy sector contains an abundance of soft targets, and the fact that successful attacks also may harm Western, Russian, and Chinese interests in addition to those of Turkey, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and the Central Asian republics will appeal to jihadists. This article will examine how jihadist groups have targeted energy infrastructure elsewhere and assess the likelihood of similar attacks in the Caucasus and Central Eurasia. Read more...

"Challenges to Islamic Solidarity: The Case of Turkish HNGOs" by Pınar Akpınar

By Editor CI

views: 375

Jan 13, 2018 - 3:41 PM

This study investigates the role of Islamic solidarity in the conceptions, motivations, and practices of Turkish HNGOs. While Islamic solidarity plays an important role in the conceptions, motivations and practices of these HNGOs, it is, at times, limited by their strong sense of affiliation with Turkey and Turkish patriotism. In this sense, Islamic solidarity can be downplayed when there is a stronger sense of national affiliation. Furthermore, the sustainability of these HNGOs, and therefore the extent to which they are able to extend Islamic solidarity, is dependent upon the convergence of their ideas and interests with Turkey’s current government. In a similar vein, it remains under question whether these HNGOs would feel the same level of patriotism under a different government. As such, the support they enjoy from the government and the affiliation they feel with Turkey feed into one another. Moreover, Islamic solidarity offered by Turkish HNGOs could be challenged by their overreliance on the precarious space provided for them by the current Turkish government. Read more...

'Regional Energy Security and Integration of Electricity Markets in the South Caucasus' by Irina Kustova

By Editor CI

views: 372

Jan 10, 2017 - 12:12 AM

This study argues that the development of electricity systems is a crucial aspect of the region’s sustainable development. Regulatory and technical cooperation among national power markets can help improve energy security in the South Caucasus. However, the concerted operation of electrical power systems might also be affected by competitive regionalism. Thus, the study looks at how two regional integration projects, the EU Energy Community and the Eurasian Economic Union, might affect developments in the power markets. Despite lucrative opportunities for the countries to serve as a crossroads between the emerging Eurasian and European electricity markets, political barriers remain substantial. Read more...

CAUCASUS UNDER REVIEW - RECENTLY PUBLISHED BOOKS

By Editor CI

views: 365

Jan 10, 2017 - 12:05 AM

Vol. 6 • No: 2 • Winter 2016 Read more...

'The Struggle of Georgian Democracy' by Giorgi Kanashvili and Revaz Koiavai

By Editor CI

views: 358

Jun 14, 2017 - 1:11 PM

The paper aims to review the democratization experience of post-Soviet Georgia. Due to the differences in geography, history, political culture, economy, and governance of each Soviet republic, the transition periods of these countries have eradicated all commonalities. Despite their common problems, the transformations are individual, due to local conditions and circumstances. Georgia’s declared goal is the development of a stable and successful democracy. But how do Georgians understand democracy, and how is it supported via government policy? The social and educational diversity of Georgians shall be taken into consideration in assessing the functioning of judiciary, executive, administrative and legislative bodies. The various aspects of Georgian politics – informal deal making, attitudes of elites, generational specificities, and everyday concerns of citizens preclude the possibilities for generalization. The political culture of Georgia, social relations, local governance, employment problems, and daily political life was determined by the grotesque behavior of the Georgian elite and the Civil War, separatism and Russian intervention. This leads us to Tip O’Neill’s maxim – “All politics is local”. Read more...

CAUCASUS UNDER REVIEW RECENTLY PUBLISHED BOOKS

By Editor CI

views: 309

Jun 14, 2017 - 12:49 PM

While the Caucasus is a region of enormous diversity and potential, it is also a region about which relatively little is known. However, during the last decade, numerous publications on the region have expanded both regional and international understanding of this diversity and potential. This overview of recent publications provides an up-to-date reading list for anyone interested in the region. Read more...

Caucasus International Vol. 7 • No: 1 • Summer 2017

By Editor CI

views: 221

Jan 14, 2018 - 12:26 PM

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