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'Historicity and Historical Ethnography of Azerbaijan: The 18th and 19th Century Caucasus at a Glance' by Rizvan Huseynov Najafoglu

By Editor CI

views: 321

Jan 10, 2017 - 12:09 AM

This article is a part of a larger research project on historical territories and the Turkic population of Azerbaijan in the South Caucasus, first published in 2015 as a monograph, “Azerbaijan and the Armenian question in the Caucasus” (Азербайджан и армянский вопрос на Кавказе). The author drew upon nearly 300 ancient, medieval, and modern sources describing Azerbaijan’s territories in the Caucasus. This article presents the European and American sources from the 18th and early 19th centuries, describing the territory and the population of Azerbaijan in the Caucasus. The aim of this study is to show the historicity of Azerbaijan in regional politics and international relations during the aforementioned period. Read more...

Caucasus International Vol. 6 • No: 2 • Winter 2016

By Editor CI

views: 316

Jun 14, 2017 - 1:30 PM

Energy Security in the Caucasus and Central Eurasia Read more...

'Security Dynamics in the South Caucasus since Independence: Interconnected Threats and Security Interdependence' by Azad Garibov

By Editor CI

views: 313

Jun 14, 2017 - 1:09 PM

The article examines the security dynamics in the South Caucasus using the Copenhagen School’s Regional Security Complex theory, and seeks to uncover why and how the security of the three regional countries is interconnected and influenced by the region itself and its immediate neighborhood. It views the region as a distinct security complex, and argues that the South Caucasus can be best characterized as a region if viewed through the lens of security. Any major security dynamic affecting one of the three countries of the South Caucasus has clear implications for the remaining two. As small countries with limited capabilities, interests and agendas, the major security environment of the South Caucasus states is the region itself and its neighborhood, including immediate neighbors such as Russia, Turkey and Iran. The US, as the world’s only superpower, also has certain security interests in and interactions with the South Caucasus. Read more...

'Energy Security Strategy in Kazakhstan: Environmental Security and Renewable Energy Sources' by Renata Mantel

By Editor CI

views: 310

Jan 10, 2017 - 12:16 AM

139 Renata Mantel* The article addresses the key aspects of energy security policy in the Republic of Kazakhstan, suggesting that increasing the use of the renewable energy sources (RES) is crucial for reducing the country’s dependence on oil and gas supplies. Greater reliance on renewables would improve economic and environmental sustainability, ensure increased energy security, and help create the conditions necessary for enhancing collaboration in Central Eurasia, as well as cooperation with Central Asian and EU states, in the energy sector. The paper also reviews several dimensions of the Kazakh oil and gas industry and its impact on the country’s energy security policy. It assesses measures that might prove effective for introducing new “green” technologies aimed at limiting consumption of non-renewable natural resources and introducing a larger-scale RES-based energy production. Read more...

"Reflections on Faith-Based Solidarity and Social Membership: Beyond Religion? The Case of Lebanese Shiite FBOs" by Estella Carpi

By Editor CI

views: 281

Jan 13, 2018 - 3:36 PM

During the July 2006 postwar period in Beirut’s southern suburbs (Dahiye), which were destroyed by the Israeli air force in its effort to annihilate the Lebanese Shiite party Hezbollah, the Islamic Shi‘a philanthropic sphere has been growing. It has pioneered the postwar reconstruction process and local relief provision, while diversely defining itself in relation to its secular and faith-based counterparts. This paper examines the extent to which religious providers develop solidarity with or antagonism towards provider members of the same community in times of crisis. Indeed, intra-community solidarity among different aid providers tends to be taken for granted. Problematizing this common belief is particularly important for defining the ways in which social solidarity either develops or contracts across faith-based communities during conflict-induced displacement. In this context, aid provision and local accountability remain fundamental litmus papers. Drawing on in-depth, semi-structured interviews conducted in Dahiye from 2011 to 2013 with Lebanese Shiite faith-based organizations and private initiatives, a secular local organization, and their respective beneficiaries, this paper advances reflections on how social membership and acts of solidarity and charity interact within the Lebanese philanthropic scenario. Read more...

'Energy Consumption and GHG Emissions in the South Caucasus' by Varadurga Bhat and Ashwath Naik

By Editor CI

views: 279

Jan 10, 2017 - 12:11 AM

In recent years, the World has been experiencing the consequences of climate change, and the South Caucasus has been affected by this phenomenon too. Energy security and environmental security have been affected by the dependence on fossil fuels and damages associated with energy exploitation, such as the rise in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The development of renewable energy (RE) helps to meet growing energy demand and to mitigate climate change. Dependence on energy imports can be reduced, local resources can be utilized, and energy supplies can be diversified by deploying RE technologies in the region. Thus, it is one of the most attractive and reliable options for achieving sustained low-carbon growth. Against this background, this paper analyzes the trends in energy consumption and GHG emissions during 1995-2012 in the South Caucasus countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia. Special focus is accorded to the prospects of RE in these countries based on their potential and policy framework. The paper concludes that the South Caucasus has substantial RE potential. However, with the exception of hydropower, other sources of RE are minimally utilized. Proper policy framework with clearly defined goals for RE generation and effective implementation are needed in this regard to ensure affordable and sustainable energy in these countries. Read more...

'Regional Energy Security and Integration of Electricity Markets in the South Caucasus' by Irina Kustova

By Editor CI

views: 277

Jan 10, 2017 - 12:12 AM

This study argues that the development of electricity systems is a crucial aspect of the region’s sustainable development. Regulatory and technical cooperation among national power markets can help improve energy security in the South Caucasus. However, the concerted operation of electrical power systems might also be affected by competitive regionalism. Thus, the study looks at how two regional integration projects, the EU Energy Community and the Eurasian Economic Union, might affect developments in the power markets. Despite lucrative opportunities for the countries to serve as a crossroads between the emerging Eurasian and European electricity markets, political barriers remain substantial. Read more...

CAUCASUS UNDER REVIEW - RECENTLY PUBLISHED BOOKS

By Editor CI

views: 268

Jan 10, 2017 - 12:05 AM

Vol. 6 • No: 2 • Winter 2016 Read more...

'The Threat to Energy Infrastructure in the Central Eurasia from Terrorist Groups Affiliated to ISIL' by Michael Fredholm

By Editor CI

views: 265

Jan 10, 2017 - 12:20 AM

In 2015, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) announced the establishment of its Khorasan Province, said to encompass “Afghanistan, Pakistan, and other nearby lands.” Soon after, ISIL proclaimed its Caucasus Province. However, the war in Syria and Iraq is going badly for ISIL. Losing ground in its heartland, ISIL fighters will have to turn elsewhere, which for many would mean returning to the Caucasus or Central Eurasia. They will aim to continue the fight there, using the tactics they learnt in Syria and Iraq. While the Caucasus and Central Eurasia have faced jihadist terrorism, these regions have largely been spared one of the tactics successfully employed by ISIL and its predecessor, Al-Qaida in Iraq: attacks on the energy infrastructure. Potential targets include production, processing, transmission, storage, and distribution facilities. The energy sector contains an abundance of soft targets, and the fact that successful attacks also may harm Western, Russian, and Chinese interests in addition to those of Turkey, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and the Central Asian republics will appeal to jihadists. This article will examine how jihadist groups have targeted energy infrastructure elsewhere and assess the likelihood of similar attacks in the Caucasus and Central Eurasia. Read more...

'The Azerbaijan-Germany Relations in the Past 25 Years: The Milestones of the Past as the Basis for the Achievements of the Future' by Matthias Dornfeldt and Igor Korobov

By Editor CI

views: 264

Jun 14, 2017 - 1:06 PM

The article focuses on the history of German-Azerbaijani relations, namely, the dynamics over the last two centuries. There have been times when the relationship has been limited, if it has existed at all, due to the political circumstances of the time. The bilateral relationship can be divided into two stages: during the first stage, Azerbaijan was a dependent political entity inside the Russian Empire, and then a union member within the USSR. The second stage is characterized by the relationship between two independent states, with economic and political freedom in decision-making, as the countries have enjoyed for the past quarter of a century. The article traces the important moments in the relationship, and outlines achievements, as well as areas for further cooperation. Read more...
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