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The Armenia-Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict as the Key Threat to Peace and Cooperation in the South Caucasus; Farhad Mammadov

By Editor CI

views: 544

Jul 25, 2016 - 2:18 PM

Among the conflicts in the South Caucasus, the Armenia-Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is undoubtedly the most complex, as well as the most dangerous conflict. It holds the most serious security and humanitarian implications not only for the South Caucasus, but also for the whole Eurasian region. The 23-year-old peace process, led by the OSCE Minsk Group, has so far failed to deliver peace and stability to the region. Impeded by problems such as lack of commitment, focus on conflict management instead of conflict resolutions, intergovernmental nature and rotating chairmanship of the organization, the OSCE is failing to address the resurgence of violence in this simmering conflict. Taking advantage of the shortcoming of OSCE Minsk Group’s peace efforts, Armenia has refused to make any compromises for the sake of peace. During the recent negotiations in Vienna and St. Petersburg, the presidents of Azerbaijan and Armenia agreed on the phased resolution of the conflict, creating hope that the deadlock would be broken and the peace process would be reactivated. However, the danger remains that if the peace process fails again, the resumption of violence will become inevitable and renewed war will have serious regional and global repercussions. Read more...

TRACECA and Its Implications for Sub-regional Development: The Case of the Black Sea Region of Turkey of the Black Sea Region of Turkey; Osman Karamustafa and Ali Ihsan Kahraman

By Editor CI

views: 542

Jul 25, 2016 - 3:33 PM

As a promising route for the promotion of economic development for countries located along the corridor, the East-West corridor has been analyzed overwhelmingly from geopolitical perspectives. This approach, however, fails to consider for the full range of benefits the corridor would provide. The sub-regional benefits, even at the individual country level, are often overlooked. In order to present a subregional/micro level analysis of the implications of the East-West corridor in general, and TRACECA in particular, this paper focuses on the place and position of Turkey’s Black Sea region within TRACECA. It evaluates the influence of this cross-continental mega project on a sub-region of Turkey. The paper suggests that TRACECA has significance not only in terms of regional geopolitics but also in regard to sub-regional development. The paper assesses official statements by the Turkish government and the Permanent Secretariat of TRACECA. The authors discuss the opportunities and challenges posed by TRACECA’s development targets as well as those of the Turkish government at the local level. Read more...

Internal Displacement in Azerbaijan: Its Causes and Consequences. What the International Community Can and Must Do? Tofig Musayev

By ilgar Gurbanov

views: 533

Sep 30, 2015 - 2:30 PM

At the end of 1987, the Soviet Socialist Republic of Armenia (Armenian SSR) began to lay claim to the territory of the Nagorno-Karabakh autonomous oblast (NKAO) of the Soviet Socialist Republic of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijan SSR). Nationalistic demands marked the beginning of the assaults on the Azerbaijanis in both the NKAO and Armenia itself, soon leading to their expulsion. Shortly after the dissolution of the Soviet Union at the end of 1991 and the international recognition of both Armenia and Azerbaijan, armed hostilities and Armenian attacks against areas within Azerbaijan intensified. As a result, a significant part of Azerbaijan’s territory, including Nagorno-Karabakh and seven adjacent districts, were occupied by Armenia; thousands of people were killed or injured; hundreds of thousands of Azerbaijani citizens were forced to leave their homes. The UN Security Council and other international organizations have addressed the problem on a number of occasions. Since 1992 the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe has engaged in efforts to achieve a negotiated settlement of the conflict under the aegis of its 11-country Minsk Group, currently under the co-chairmanship of France, the Russian Federation and the United States. The Co-Chairs of the OSCE Minsk Group have proposed a set of core principles and elements, which, in their opinion, should form the basis for a comprehensive settlement of the conflict. The elements underlying the proposal of the mediators include, inter alia, the liberation of the occupied territories and the right of return for all internally displaced persons (IDPs) and refugees. The article examines the international documents that refer to the problem of internal displacement in Azerbaijan, its causes and consequences, and the rights of the uprooted population. It also raises the question of whether the right to return is a human right or a privilege of belligerents. The article concludes that the lack of agreement on political issues cannot be used as a pretext to prevent the return of IDPs to their homes and properties and that the de-occupation of Azerbaijani territories can in no way be considered or introduced as a compromise, and used as a bargaining chip in the conflict settlement process. Read more...

Global Energy Governance Needs to be Multi-level and Regionalized; Robert M. Cutler

By ilgar Gurbanov

views: 530

Sep 30, 2015 - 3:39 PM

The exclusive focus on universal-level global energy governance is problematic. Even in the European Union, emphasis is placed on multi-level governance in the energy policy issue-area. Yet although the EU has been near the forefront of advocacy for global energy governance, it has failed to consider systematically, or at all, the advantages of multi-level governance from the global through the regional to the national levels, as well as the cross-cutting transnational and transgovernmental levels. The contrast between the failure of regional European-Ukrainian-Russian energy cooperation on the one hand and, on the other, the success of regional Azerbaijani-Georgian-Turkish energy cooperation drives the point home. Incentive structures of practitioners and academics, conditioned by the sociology of knowledge, inhibit common dialogue over energy governance. Academic-policy boundary organizations represent only a special case of knowledge transfer processes. If overarching global policy goals are to be achieved, then idiosyncratic regional contexts cannot be ignored in global energy governance. They must be respected and allowed their relative autonomy. Read more...


By Editor CI

views: 520

Jul 25, 2016 - 2:14 PM

While the Caucasus is a region of enormous diversity and potential, it is also a region about which relatively little is known. However, during the last decade, numerous publications on the region have expanded both regional and international understanding of this diversity and potential. This overview of recent publications provides an up-to-date reading list for anyone interested in the region. Read more...

"Reflections on Faith-Based Solidarity and Social Membership: Beyond Religion? The Case of Lebanese Shiite FBOs" by Estella Carpi

By Editor CI

views: 512

Jan 13, 2018 - 3:36 PM

During the July 2006 postwar period in Beirut’s southern suburbs (Dahiye), which were destroyed by the Israeli air force in its effort to annihilate the Lebanese Shiite party Hezbollah, the Islamic Shi‘a philanthropic sphere has been growing. It has pioneered the postwar reconstruction process and local relief provision, while diversely defining itself in relation to its secular and faith-based counterparts. This paper examines the extent to which religious providers develop solidarity with or antagonism towards provider members of the same community in times of crisis. Indeed, intra-community solidarity among different aid providers tends to be taken for granted. Problematizing this common belief is particularly important for defining the ways in which social solidarity either develops or contracts across faith-based communities during conflict-induced displacement. In this context, aid provision and local accountability remain fundamental litmus papers. Drawing on in-depth, semi-structured interviews conducted in Dahiye from 2011 to 2013 with Lebanese Shiite faith-based organizations and private initiatives, a secular local organization, and their respective beneficiaries, this paper advances reflections on how social membership and acts of solidarity and charity interact within the Lebanese philanthropic scenario. Read more...

'Kazakhstan’s Energy Policy on the Eve of Kashagan Oil Field Production' by Mukhit B. Assanbayev

By Editor CI

views: 491

Jan 10, 2017 - 12:18 AM

The article examines the geopolitics of transport communications in Central Asia and the Caspian, and Kazakhstan’s energy policy. Kazakhstan suffers from geopolitical isolation and preoccupied with identifying new inroads to foreign markets. This has become the main focus of its energy policy. Despite involvement by the Western countries, China, and Russia in regional energy geopolitics, Kazakhstan faces tough geopolitical choices. Astana is still in search of an effective energy policy that would enable further diversification of its transport communications. The existing transit routes for the Kashagan oil, as proposed by Russia and other external actors, do not fully support the energy security of Kazakhstan. As for Kashagan oil field production, the article concludes that the main obstacles include several complicated issues such as technical problems, as well as risks to the environment of the Caspian Sea. The new context, namely the dramatic decline of oil prices and its consequences for the global economy, makes it difficult to project a clear vision for the project’s success. Read more...

Colloquy with Ambassador Nassir Abdul Karim Abdul Rahim, "Relations between the Republic of Azerbaijan and the State of Palestine"

By Editor CI

views: 490

Jan 13, 2018 - 3:43 PM

Azerbaijan as a secular Muslim country attaches a great importance to the strengthening of Islamic Solidarity with other Muslim countries. In the light of weak support from the Western countries on Azerbaijan’s territorial integrity and the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, Azerbaijan strongly leans on the support of the Muslim states. A differentiated support also is obvious in the case of Israeli-Palestinian dispute. Therefore, the CI team conducted the next series of interview with Ambassador of the State of Palestine to the Republic of Azerbaijan Nassir Abdul Karim Abdul Rahim. The interview’s text covered the multiple issues such history of Azerbaijan-Palestine relations, role and importance of Azerbaijan in the Muslim world, Israeli-Palestine dispute, as well as the U.S’s recent decision concerning Jerusalem. Read more...

Caucasus International Vol. 6 • No: 2 • Winter 2016

By Editor CI

views: 477

Jun 14, 2017 - 1:30 PM

Energy Security in the Caucasus and Central Eurasia
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