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'The South Caucasus in the Global Struggle' by Araz Aslanlı

By Editor CI

views: 417

Jun 14, 2017 - 1:08 PM

The article focuses on the history of German-Azerbaijani relations, namely, the dynamics over the last two centuries. There have been times when the relationship has been limited, if it has existed at all, due to the political circumstances of the time. The bilateral relationship can be divided into two stages: during the first stage, Azerbaijan was a dependent political entity inside the Russian Empire, and then a union member within the USSR. The second stage is characterized by the relationship between two independent states, with economic and political freedom in decision-making, as the countries have enjoyed for the past quarter of a century. The article traces the important moments in the relationship and outlines achievements, as well as areas for further cooperation. Read more...

CAUCASUS UNDER REVIEW - RECENTLY PUBLISHED BOOKS

By Editor CI

views: 403

Jul 25, 2016 - 2:14 PM

While the Caucasus is a region of enormous diversity and potential, it is also a region about which relatively little is known. However, during the last decade, numerous publications on the region have expanded both regional and international understanding of this diversity and potential. This overview of recent publications provides an up-to-date reading list for anyone interested in the region. Read more...

'Kazakhstan’s Energy Policy on the Eve of Kashagan Oil Field Production' by Mukhit B. Assanbayev

By Editor CI

views: 373

Jan 10, 2017 - 12:18 AM

The article examines the geopolitics of transport communications in Central Asia and the Caspian, and Kazakhstan’s energy policy. Kazakhstan suffers from geopolitical isolation and preoccupied with identifying new inroads to foreign markets. This has become the main focus of its energy policy. Despite involvement by the Western countries, China, and Russia in regional energy geopolitics, Kazakhstan faces tough geopolitical choices. Astana is still in search of an effective energy policy that would enable further diversification of its transport communications. The existing transit routes for the Kashagan oil, as proposed by Russia and other external actors, do not fully support the energy security of Kazakhstan. As for Kashagan oil field production, the article concludes that the main obstacles include several complicated issues such as technical problems, as well as risks to the environment of the Caspian Sea. The new context, namely the dramatic decline of oil prices and its consequences for the global economy, makes it difficult to project a clear vision for the project’s success. Read more...

'The UN Security Council and the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict: Policy of Double Standards and Unexecuted Resolutions' by Najiba Mustafayeva

By Editor CI

views: 357

Jun 14, 2017 - 1:05 PM

The Armenia-Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is undoubtedly the most complex, as well as the most dangerous conflict in the South Caucasus. In 1993, the United Nations Security Council adopted a series of resolutions (822, 853, 874, and 884) demanding the immediate cessation of hostilities and the complete and unconditional withdrawal of all occupying forces from Azerbaijani territories. Despite the legally binding nature of the Security Council resolutions, they still remain unrealized. One of the main reasons for the ineffectiveness of the United Nations, particularly the Security Council, is its inability and in some cases unwillingness to ensure the implementation of its resolutions. The failure of resolutions not only undermines the credibility of the United Nations, but also threatens international peace and security. However, the UN Security Council has the authority to apply sanctions to member states that fail to execute its resolutions. The resolutions of the Council adopted according to Chapter VII of the UN Charter (Action with Respect to Threats to the Peace, Breaches of the Peace and Acts of Aggression) contain the legal elements of international responsibility. Measures taken by the UN Security Council in accordance with Article 41 and 42 of the UN Charter are coercive measures intended to encourage the offender to fulfill the obligations arising from its international legal responsibility. Read more...

Trans-Eurasian Energy Transportation Networks and the Necessity of Regional Cooperation; Mikhail A. Molchanov

By Editor CI

views: 334

Jul 25, 2016 - 2:20 PM

The Central Asia-Transcaspian region is rich in energy resources. However, these resources cannot be fully developed without fostering international cooperation. The ‘pipeline wars’ between competing consortia is not conducive to profit maximization. A cooperative regional regime for oil and gas exploration, extraction, and transportation could help improve the business climate and international security. The existing regional integration organizations with a degree of sway in the area – the Eurasian Economic Union and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization – still have some way to go to prove their usefulness as true promoters of multilateralism. Regional countries that do not belong to either of the two organizations prefer to cooperate on a bilateral basis – and this is also true of member states. Regional coordination is necessary to overcome self-interested, beggar-thy-neighbor behavior by business players and states alike in order to maximize regional welfare. Read more...

'Akkuyu Nuclear Power Plant from the Perspective of Energy Security: A Solution or a Deadlock?' by Azime Telli

By Editor CI

views: 330

Jan 10, 2017 - 12:14 AM

Besides its lack of resources, Turkey’s main problem in terms of energy security is its import dependency. Turkey is heavily dependent on imported fossil fuels, and natural gas is the most critical one among them. Natural gas has the largest share in Turkey’s energy mix; 55% of Turkey’s natural gas needs is met by Russia, which leads to interdependency between these parties in the energy domain. Turkey therefore is seeking ways to diversify its energy supplies. As part of such a search, Turkey initiated its nuclear expansion and started building a nuclear plant in Akkuyu, Mersin. Yet, Turkey’s reliance on Russia in the construction and operation of the power plant has the potential of leading Turkey into a further stalemate in terms of energy dependency. This is because, Akkuyu Nuclear Power Plant will allow Russia to become more powerful within the scope of this interdependent relation with Turkey, which gives rise to serious geopolitical and geo-economical risks. This paper studies the implication of this dependency relationship on Turkey’s energy security and argues that a nuclear power plant built by Russia in Akkuyu will be disadvantageous for Turkey. The paper also examines Akkuyu’s possible effects on Turkey’s natural gas dependency. Read more...

"Azerbaijan – Iran Cultural Relations: Dynamics and Potentials" by Mesiaga Mahammadi

By Editor CI

views: 322

Jan 13, 2018 - 3:33 PM

The article surveys the historical and current state of cultural relations between the Republic of Azerbaijan and the neighboring Islamic Republic of Iran, and discusses the main directions and potential opportunities of further cultural cooperation. The centuries-old cultural affinity and coexistence have been key to the expansion of bilateral relations; the common cultural heritage led to a long-standing relationship between the two countries - even during the Soviet era. After Azerbaijan regained its independence, Azerbaijan-Iran cultural relations have begun to further expand and deepen. During the early years of Azerbaijan's independence, Iran favored the religious dimension of cultural relations, which later caused some problems in the relationship. But over time, the signing of numerous documents on cultural cooperation between the two countries, and the establishment of an appropriate legal base enabled the relationship to cover various spheres in this direction. From 2003, cinema, music, theater and literature have played an important role in cultural relations between the two countries; in addition, significant steps have been taken to boost ties in science and education. Read more...
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